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When does YAH say a day begins?
While in Israel and Jordan we encountered brethren that believe YAH's day begins at sunrise, as opposed to sunset. I must admit, they make a really good case, for starting the day at sunrise, but there are flaws. The reason I studied the sunrise doctrine is because, if it truly is when YAH's day begins, then that's what I want to do.
When I first heard of the sunrise to sunrise days, I rejected it outright. But when I met brethren that actually do it, I asked YAH to show me and convict me, if it is truth. He not only didn't show or convict me, He kept letting me see scriptures to the contrary.
Let us start in Acts...
Neh 13:19 And it came to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark before the Sabbath, I commanded that the gates should be shut, and charged that they should not be opened till after the Sabbath: and some of my servants set I at the gates, that there should no burden be brought in on the Sabbath day.
The sunrise group (some of them) explain this scripture away saying,"They closed the gates the night before because, who wants to get up at sunrise and shut the gates? or They closed the gates the night before because there were hedge laws enacted by that time." Where is that in Scripture?
I would like to submit scripture to prove there were people awake in the temple through the nights into the morning.
Exo 27:21 In the tabernacle of the congregation without the vail, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before YHWH: it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.
Another stance, taken by the sunrise group, is that there are only two feast days that command an evening to evening celebration. This is what I've found regarding the Sabbath and High Sabbath's.
The word Sabbath (H7676) in the 10 Commands is the same Sabbath used to keep a Feast Day (High Sabbath) from even to even.
Exo 20:8 Remember2142 the (853) sabbath7676 day,3117 to keep it holy.6942
Lev 23:32 It shall be unto you a Sabbath (7676) of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your Sabbath.
Intensive from H7673; intermission, that is, (specifically) the Sabbath: - (+ every) sabbath.
If the weekly Sabbath was to be kept sunrise to sunrise and the High Sabbath from evening to evening, why would the same word be used?
There is another Sabbath used in Lev. 23 that pertains to a High Sabbath but uses a different word and does not give instruction to keep it from evening to evening.
Lev 23:24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a Sabbath (7677), a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.
From H7676; a sabbatism or special holiday: - rest, sabbath.
This all seems very confusing to me. Why would YAH start some days at sunrise and other days in the evening? Think of how confusing this concept would have been for the Children of Israel coming out of pagan worship.
When the Children of Israel came out of Egypt, look at what they did and when they did it. Keep in mind they were doing what they learned in Egypt.
Exo 32:1 And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us elohim, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.
Exo 32:5 And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow is a feast to YHWH.
Exo 32:6 And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.
This was all done in celebration to a golden calf. If you will keep in mind, just before the Children of Israel were to leave Egypt, YAH instructed them to keep HIS Feast, beginning in the evening. What did they do when worshiping the golden calf? They got up early in the morning to do it!
If you will notice in the next scritpure, the sun & the moon were included in the whole day.
Joshua 10:13 And the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Yasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down for a whole day.
How can a sunrise to sunrise belief work with the scriptures below?
Mar 16:1 And when the Sabbath was past (G1230), Miryam from Maḡdala, and Miryam the mother of Yaʽaqoḇ, and Shelomah bought spices, to go and anoint Him.
Mar 16:2 And very early on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb when the sun had risen.
This was speaking of the weekly Sabbath. And, let's look at the word 'past'.
From G1223 and G1096; to elapse meanwhile: - X after, be past, be spent.
Erev (evening) And The Boker (morning + day or morrow) were the first day. This will also give us an evening to evening day. Now this makes so much more sense than evening and the morning being the first day. Evening to the Morning is NOT a full day. We pretty much sleep from evening to morning.
The brethren that claim a whole 'day' is just the 'daylight' portion of the day say, "Yahueh is specific. When He named the 'light' - day, that is exactly what He meant." Is that true?
Gen. 1:5 And Elohim called the light 'day' and the darkness He called 'night'. And there came to be evening and there came to be morning, the first 'day'.
Well, right there The Father lumps the evening in with the word 'day'. Both of these words (day) are listed, in Strongs, as the same Hebrew word (H3117). So it seems as though Yahueh just gave us a dual meaning for the word 'day'. Day as the light portion of a day, or a day as in the 'whole' day (ie. evening and morning were the first day).
Observation: We have noticed a recurring word from the 'Sunrise' brethren - Convenience. They keep saying, "It's so much more convenient to keep Shabbat (sunrise to sunset) this way".
In Lev. 23 you'll notice that there is no command to start this feast at sundown.
Lev 23:24 “Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, saying, ‘In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you have a rest, a remembrance of blowing of trumpets, a set-apart gathering.
But turn to Psalm 81...
Psa 81:3 Blow in the month a trumpet, In the new moon, at the day of our festival,
This is speaking of the feast in Lev. 23:24. And when do they begin it? With the New Moon (in the evening). It seems to me David knew that all of YAH's days begin at sundown. The 'Creation' chapter was probably all David needed to understand when YAH's days begin.
Here's a scripture including the evening in a day.
Deu 16:4 "And no leaven should be seen with you in all your border for seven days, neither should any of the meat which you slaughter in the evening on the first day stay all night until morning.