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Is it okay to buy/sell (do commerce) on the Sabbath?
Well, some would have us believe that it is okay. Why? Because Scripture is 'silent' concerning the issue. But is it really? Please turn to Amos for starters.
Amo 8:4 Hear this, you who are swallowing up the needy, to do away with the poor of the land,
Amo 8:5 saying, “When does the New Moon pass so that we sell grain, and the Sabbath so that we trade our wheat, to make the ĕphah small and the sheqel large, and to falsify the scales by deceit,
Amo 8:6 to buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of sandals, and sell the chaff of the wheat?”
If we were not expected to cease from buying/selling (doing commerce) on the Sabbath, then why would it matter if the Sabbath was over or not? They could have done their commerce on the Sabbath, right?
Please turn to Nehemyah 10.
Neh 10:28 And the rest of the people, the priests, the Lĕwites, the gatekeepers, the singers, the Nethinim, and all those who had separated themselves from the peoples of the lands unto the Torah of Elohim, their wives, their sons, and their daughters, all who had knowledge and understanding,
Neh 10:29 were joining with their brothers,their nobles, and were entering into a curse and into an oath to walk in the Torah of Elohim, which was given by Mosheh the servant of Elohim, and to guard and do all the commands of Yahueh our Master, and His right-rulings and His laws,
Neh 10:30 and that we would not give our daughters as wives to the peoples of the land, nor take their daughters for our sons,
Neh 10:31 and that if the peoples of the land bring wares or any grain to sell on the Sabbath day, we would not buy it from them on the Sabbath, or on a set-apart day, and we would forego the seventh year and the interest of every hand.
If you will notice, they were agreeing to the things, from Torah, that they will do. And then notice in Nehemyah 10:32 the extras that they laid on themselves.
Neh 10:32 And we imposed commands on ourselves, to give from ourselves yearly one-third of a sheqel for the service of the House of our Elohim:
It didn't take the people long to forget their promise to keep Torah. Please turn to Nehemyah 13.
Neh 13:16 And men of Tsor dwelt there, bringing in fish and all kinds of goods, and sold them on the Sabbath to the children of Yehuḏah, and in Yerushalayim.
Neh 13:17 Then I contended with the nobles of Yehuḏah, and said to them, “What evil matter is this that you are doing, profaning the Sabbath day?
Neh 13:18 “Did not your fathers do the same so that our Elohim brought all this evil on us and on this city? Yet you bring added wrath on Yisra’ĕl by profaning the Sabbath.”
Notice that their fathers did the same thing and YAH was angry with them. Some claim that Nehemyah was putting 'hedge-laws' around the Sabbath - with no Torah to support it. It's very clear, by these TWO witnesses, that YAH does NOT approve of His people partaking in commerce on His Sabbath and Set-Apart days.
So, I ask again, "Is it okay to do commerce on the Sabbath?"